Your browser is unsupported

We recommend using the latest version of IE11, Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari.

In this section
Photo of Todd A. Lee

Todd A. Lee

Professor and Interim Head, Pharmacy Systems, Outcomes and Policy

Contact Information

833 South Wood Street (871)
Room 285A, College of Pharmacy
Chicago, IL 60612

Phone: (312) 355-5140

Fax: (312) 996-2954



  • PhD, Philosophy, Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research, University of Washington, 2001
  • PharmD, Drake University, 1997

Research Interests

Dr. Todd Lee is Professor and Interim Head in the Department of Pharmacy Systems, Outcomes, and Policy. Dr. Lee’s research focuses on patient outcomes from the use of medications with interest in both safety and costs and the intersection of the two disciplines. He has conducted both observational and interventional research across a variety of therapeutic areas including COPD, asthma, diabetes, cancer, and mental illness with particular interest in understanding the impact of the co-occurrence of multiple chronic conditions. He has received research funding from organizations that include the National Institute of Health, Department of Veterans Affairs, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and has published over 115 peer-reviewed journal articles.

Intellectual Contributions

Journal Article

  • Lee WJ, Lee TA, Suda K, Calip GS, Briars LA, Schumock GT. "Risk of serious bacterial infection associated with tumour necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.". Rheumatology (Oxford, England). 2018;57(2):273-282. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kex049.
  • Manzoor BS, Walton SM, Sharp L, Galanter WL, Lee TA, Nutescu EA. "High number of newly initiated direct oral anticoagulant users switch to alternate anticoagulant therapy.". Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis. 2017;44(4):435-441. doi:10.1007/s11239-017-1565-2.
  • Pickard AS, Hung YT, Lin FJ, Lee TA. "Patient Experience-based Value Sets: Are They Stable?". Medical care. 2017;55(11):979-984. doi:10.1097/MLR.0000000000000802.
  • Manzoor BS, Lee TA, Sharp L, Walton SM, Galanter WL, Nutescu EA. "Real-World Adherence and Persistence with Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Adults with Atrial Fibrillation.". Pharmacotherapy. 2017;37(10):1221-1230. doi:10.1002/phar.1989.
  • Kim K, Lee TA, Ardati AK, DiDomenico RJ, Touchette D, Walton SM. "Comparative Effectiveness of Oral Antiplatelet Agents in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome.". Pharmacotherapy. 2017;37(8):877-887. doi:10.1002/phar.1961.
  • Jiang R, Lee I, Lee TA, Pickard AS. "The societal cost of heroin use disorder in the United States.". PloS one. 2017;12(5):e0177323. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0177323.
  • Samp JC, Joo MJ, Schumock GT, Calip GS, Pickard AS, Lee TA. "Comparative Effectiveness of Long-Acting Beta2 -Agonist Combined with a Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonist or Inhaled Corticosteroid in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.". Pharmacotherapy. 2017;37(4):447-455. doi:10.1002/phar.1913.
  • Law EH, Badowski M, Hung YT, Weems K, Sanchez A, Lee TA. "Association Between Proton Pump Inhibitors and Microscopic Colitis.". The Annals of pharmacotherapy. 2017;51(3):253-263. doi:10.1177/1060028016673859.
  • Donnelly PC, Sutich RM, Easton R, Adejumo OA, Lee TA, Logan LK. "Ceftriaxone-Associated Biliary and Cardiopulmonary Adverse Events in Neonates: A Systematic Review of the Literature.". Paediatric drugs. 2017;19(1):21-34. doi:10.1007/s40272-016-0197-x.
  • Kim K, Lee TA, Touchette D, DiDomenico RJ, Ardati AK, Walton SM. "Contemporary Trends in Oral Antiplatelet Agent Use in Patients Treated with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Coronary Syndrome.". Journal of managed care & specialty pharmacy. 2017;23(1):57-63. doi:10.18553/jmcp.2017.23.1.57.
  • Lee WJ, Briars LA, Lee TA, Calip GS, Suda K, Schumock GT. "Use of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Inhibitors in Children and Young Adults With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis or Rheumatoid Arthritis.". Pharmacotherapy. 2016;36(12):1201-1209. doi:10.1002/phar.1856.
  • Lee WJ, Briars LA, Lee TA, Calip GS, Suda K, Schumock GT. "Top-down Versus Step-up Prescribing Strategies for Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha Inhibitors in Children and Young Adults with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.". Inflammatory bowel diseases. 2016;22(10):2410-7. doi:10.1097/MIB.0000000000000880.
  • Fishbein AB, Lee TA, Cai M, Oh SS, Eng C, Hu D, Huntsman S, Farber HJ, Serebrisky D, Silverberg J, Williams LK, Seibold MA, Sen S, Borrell LN, Avila P, Rodriguez-Cintron W, Rodriguez-Santana JR, Burchard EG, Kumar R. "Sensitization to mouse and cockroach allergens and asthma morbidity in urban minority youth: Genes-environments and Admixture in Latino American (GALA-II) and Study of African-Americans, Asthma, Genes, and Environments (SAGE-II).". Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology. 2016;117(1):43-49.e1. doi:10.1016/j.anai.2016.05.004.
  • Stanford RH, Nag A, Mapel DW, Lee TA, Rosiello R, Vekeman F, Gauthier-Loiselle M, Duh MS, Merrigan JF, Schatz M. "Validation of a New Risk Measure for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation Using Health Insurance Claims Data.". Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2016;13(7):1067-75. doi:10.1513/AnnalsATS.201508-493OC.
  • Dilokthornsakul P, Lee TA, Dhippayom T, Jeanpeerapong N, Chaiyakunapruk N. "Comparison of Health Care Utilization and Costs for Patients with Asthma by Severity and Health Insurance in Thailand.". Value in health regional issues. 2016;9:105-111. doi:10.1016/j.vhri.2016.03.001.
  • Kim K, Lee TA, Ardati AK, DiDomenico RJ, Touchette D, Walton SM. "Comparative Effectiveness of Ticagrelor Vs. Prasugrel in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome.". Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research. 2015;18(7):A376. doi:10.1016/j.jval.2015.09.784.
  • Lee WJ, Lee TA, Pickard AS, Shoaibi A, Schumock GT. "Using linked electronic data to validate algorithms for health outcomes in administrative databases.". Journal of comparative effectiveness research. 2015;4(4):359-66. doi:10.2217/cer.15.14.
  • , Jiang R, Pickard EM, Lee TA, , Pickard AS. "Emergence of BCR-ABL kinase domain mutations associated with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia: a meta-analysis of clinical trials of tyrosine kinase inhibitors.". Journal of managed care & specialty pharmacy. 2015;21(2):114-22.
  • Prentice JC, Conlin PR, Gellad WF, Edelman D, Lee TA, Pizer SD. "Capitalizing on prescribing pattern variation to compare medications for type 2 diabetes.". Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research. 2014;17(8):854-62. doi:10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.2674.
  • Qato D, Daviglus ML, Wilder J, Lee TA, Qato D, Lambert B. "'Pharmacy deserts' are prevalent in Chicago's predominantly minority communities, raising medication access concerns.". Health affairs (Project Hope). 2014;33(11):1958-65. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.2013.1397.
  • Dilokthornsakul P, Lee TA, Dhippayom T, Jeanpeerapong N, Chaiyakunapruk N. "Comparison of Health Care Utilization and Costs for Patietns with Asthma by Severity and Health Insurance in Thailand: Using Generalized Linear Regression Model.". Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research. 2014;17(7):A778. doi:10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.360.
  • Zueger PM, Schultz NM, Lee TA. "Cost effectiveness of liraglutide in type II diabetes: a systematic review.". PharmacoEconomics. 2014;32(11):1079-91. doi:10.1007/s40273-014-0192-4.
  • Lin FJ, Joo MJ, Pickard AS, Dilokthornsakul P, Lee TA. "Inhaled Anticholinergics and Risk for Acute Urinary Retention: A Case-Crossover and Case-Time-Control Study.". Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research. 2014;17(7):A776. doi:10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.350.
  • Prieto-Centurion V, Rolle AJ, Au DH, Carson SS, Henderson AG, Lee TA, Lindenauer PK, McBurnie MA, Mularski RA, Naureckas ET, Vollmer WM, Joese BJ, Krishnan JA. "Multicenter study comparing case definitions used to identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 2014;190(9):989-95. doi:10.1164/rccm.201406-1166OC.
  • Lee TA, von Riedemann S, Tricta F. "Cost-utility of chelators in transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia major patients: a review of the pharmacoeconomic literature.". Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research. 2014;14(5):651-60. doi:10.1586/14737167.2014.927314.
  • Dilokthornsakul P, Chaiyakunapruk N, Nimpitakpong P, Jeanpeerapong N, Jampachaisri K, Lee TA. "Understanding medication oversupply and its predictors in the outpatient departments in Thailand.". BMC health services research. 2014;14:408. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-408.
  • Lee W, Lee TA, Pickard AS, Caskey RN, Schumock GT. "Drugs associated with adverse events in children and adolescents.". Pharmacotherapy. 2014;34(9):918-26. doi:10.1002/phar.1455.
  • Garg N, Rolle AJ, Lee TA, Prasad B. "Home-based diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea in an urban population.". Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. 2014;10(8):879-85. doi:10.5664/jcsm.3960.
  • Cannon JP, Lee TA, Clark NM, Setlak P, . "The risk of seizures among the carbapenems: a meta-analysis.". The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy. 2014;69(8):2043-55. doi:10.1093/jac/dku111.
  • Lin FJ, Pickard AS, Krishnan JA, Joo MJ, Au DH, Carson SS, Gillespie S, Henderson AG, Lindenauer PK, McBurnie MA, Mularski RA, Naureckas ET, Vollmer WM, Lee TA. "Measuring health-related quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: properties of the EQ-5D-5L and PROMIS-43 short form.". BMC medical research methodology. 2014;14:78. doi:10.1186/1471-2288-14-78.
  • Carbone LD, Chin AS, Lee TA, Burns SP, Svircev JN, Hoenig HM, Bailey L, Weaver FM. "Thiazide use is associated with reduced risk for incident lower extremity fractures in men with spinal cord injury.". Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2014;95(6):1015-20. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2013.12.013.
  • Sumino K, O'Brian K, Bartle B, Au DH, Castro M, Lee TA. "Coexisting chronic conditions associated with mortality and morbidity in adult patients with asthma.". The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma. 2014;51(3):306-14. doi:10.3109/02770903.2013.879881.
  • Jordan N, Sohn MW, Bartle B, Valenstein M, Lee Y, Lee TA. "Association between chronic illness complexity and receipt of evidence-based depression care.". Medical care. 2014;52 Suppl 3:S126-31. doi:10.1097/MLR.0000000000000036.
  • Suda K, Regen SM, Lee TA, Easterling JL, Hunkler RJ, Danziger LH. "Outpatient influenza antiviral prescription trends with influenza-like illness in the USA, 2008-2010.". International journal of antimicrobial agents. 2014;43(3):279-83. doi:10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2013.10.025.
  • Dilokthornsakul P, Chaiyakunapruk N, Schumock GT, Lee TA. "Calendar time-specific propensity score analysis for observational data: a case study estimating the effectiveness of inhaled long-acting beta-agonist on asthma exacerbations.". Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety. 2014;23(2):152-64. doi:10.1002/pds.3540.
  • Adimadhyam S, Schumock GT, Walton SM, Joo M, McKell J, Lee TA. "Risk of arrhythmias associated with ipratropium bromide in children, adolescents, and young adults with asthma: a nested case-control study.". Pharmacotherapy. 2014;34(4):315-23. doi:10.1002/phar.1336.
  • Sohn MW, Meadows JL, Oh EH, Budiman-Mak E, Lee TA, Stone NJ, Pearce WB. "Statin use and lower extremity amputation risk in nonelderly diabetic patients.". Journal of vascular surgery. 2013;58(6):1578-1585.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2013.06.069.
  • Carbone L, Chin AS, Lee TA, Burns SP, Svircev JN, Hoenig H, Akhigbe T, Thomas F, Bailey L, Weaver F. "The association of anticonvulsant use with fractures in spinal cord injury.". American journal of physical medicine & rehabilitation / Association of Academic Physiatrists. 2013;92(12):1037-46; quiz 1047-50. doi:10.1097/PHM.0000000000000014.
  • Lin FJ, Lee TA, Wong PS, Pickard AS. "Evaluation of changes in guidelines for medication management of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". Journal of evaluation in clinical practice. 2013;19(5):953-60. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2012.01892.x.
  • Lindenauer PK, Grosso LM, Wang C, Wang Y, Krishnan JA, Lee TA, Au DH, Mularski RA, Bernheim SM, Drye EE. "Development, validation, and results of a risk-standardized measure of hospital 30-day mortality for patients with exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". Journal of hospital medicine. 2013;8(8):428-35. doi:10.1002/jhm.2066.
  • Joo MJ, Sharp L, Au DH, Lee TA, Fitzgibbon ML. "Use of spirometry in the diagnosis of COPD: a qualitative study in primary care.". COPD. 2013;10(4):444-9. doi:10.3109/15412555.2013.766683.
  • Brahmbhatt M, Palla K, Kossifologos A, Mitchell D, Lee TA. "Appropriateness of medication prescribing using the STOPP/START criteria in veterans receiving home-based primary care.". The Consultant pharmacist : the journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists. 2013;28(6):361-9. doi:10.4140/TCP.n.2013.361.
  • Stroupe KT, Smith BM, Hogan TP, St Andre JR, Gellad WF, Weiner S, Lee TA, Burk M, Cunningham F, Piette JD, Rogers TJ, Huo Z, Weaver FM. "Medication acquisition across systems of care and patient-provider communication among older veterans.". American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 2013;70(9):804-13. doi:10.2146/ajhp120222.
  • Carbone LD, Chin AS, Lee TA, Burns SP, Svircev JN, Hoenig HM, Akhigbe T, Weaver FM. "The association of opioid use with incident lower extremity fractures in spinal cord injury.". The journal of spinal cord medicine. 2013;36(2):91-6. doi:10.1179/2045772312Y.0000000060.
  • Krishnan JA, Lindenauer PK, Au DH, Carson SS, Lee TA, McBurnie MA, Naureckas ET, Vollmer WM, Mularski RA. "Stakeholder priorities for comparative effectiveness research in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a workshop report.". American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 2013;187(3):320-6. doi:10.1164/rccm.201206-0994WS.
  • Tarlov E, Lee TA, Weichle TW, Durazo-Arvizu R, Zhang Q, Perrin R, Bentrem D, Hynes DM. "Reduced overall and event-free survival among colon cancer patients using dual system care.". Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. 2012;21(12):2231-41. doi:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-12-0548.
  • Stroupe KT, Tarlov E, Lee TA, Weichle TW, Zhang QL, Michaelis LC, Ozer H, Durazo-Arvizu R, Browning MM, Hynes DM. "Hemoglobin levels triggering erythropoiesis-stimulating agent therapy in patients with cancer: the shift after United States Food and Drug Administration policy changes.". Pharmacotherapy. 2012;32(11):988-97. doi:10.1002/phar.1134.
  • Patterson BW, Khare RK, Courtney DM, Lee TA, Kyriacou DN. "Cost-effectiveness of influenza vaccination of older adults in the ED setting.". The American journal of emergency medicine. 2012;30(7):1072-9. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2011.07.007.
  • Santayana EM, , Janda WM, Layden JE, Lee TA, Clark NM. "Risk factors and outcomes associated with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus infections with reduced susceptibilities to linezolid.". Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease. 2012;74(1):39-42. doi:10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2012.05.025.
  • Schumock GT, Stayner LT, Valuck RJ, Joo MJ, Gibbons RD, Lee TA. "Risk of suicide attempt in asthmatic children and young adults prescribed leukotriene-modifying agents: a nested case-control study.". The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology. 2012;130(2):368-75. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2012.04.035.
  • Tarlov E, Stroupe KT, Lee TA, Weichle TW, Zhang QL, Michaelis LC, Ozer H, Browning MM, Hynes DM. "Trends in anemia management in lung and colon cancer patients in the US Department of Veterans Affairs, 2002-2008.". Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer. 2012;20(8):1649-57. doi:10.1007/s00520-011-1255-0.
  • Schnell K, Weiss CO, Lee TA, Krishnan JA, Leff B, Wolff JL, Boyd C. "The prevalence of clinically-relevant comorbid conditions in patients with physician-diagnosed COPD: a cross-sectional study using data from NHANES 1999-2008.". BMC pulmonary medicine. 2012;12:26. doi:10.1186/1471-2466-12-26.
  • Solem CT, Lee TA, Joo MJ, , Walton SM, Pickard AS. "Complexity of medication use in newly diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.". The American journal of geriatric pharmacotherapy. 2012;10(2):110-122.e1. doi:10.1016/j.amjopharm.2011.12.003.
  • Akinbami LJ, Sullivan SD, Campbell JD, Grundmeier RW, Hartert TV, Lee TA, Smith RA. "Asthma outcomes: healthcare utilization and costs.". The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology. 2012;129(3 Suppl):S49-64. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2011.12.984.
  • Mularski RA, McBurnie MA, Lindenauer PK, Lee TA, Vollmer WM, Au DH, Carson SS, Krishnan JA. "Comparative effectiveness research in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". Journal of comparative effectiveness research. 2012;1(1):71-82. doi:10.2217/cer.11.10.
  • Stein BD, Bautista A, Schumock GT, Lee TA, Charbeneau JT, Lauderdale DS, Naureckas ET, Meltzer DO, Krishnan JA. "The validity of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes for identifying patients hospitalized for COPD exacerbations.". Chest. 2012;141(1):87-93. doi:10.1378/chest.11-0024.
  • Pickard AS, Lee TA, Solem CT, Joo MJ, Schumock GT, Krishnan JA. "Prioritizing comparative-effectiveness research topics via stakeholder involvement: an application in COPD.". Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics. 2011;90(6):888-92. doi:10.1038/clpt.2011.237.
  • Joo MJ, Au DH, Fitzgibbon ML, McKell J, Lee TA. "Determinants of spirometry use and accuracy of COPD diagnosis in primary care.". Journal of general internal medicine. 2011;26(11):1272-7. doi:10.1007/s11606-011-1770-1.
  • Murthy K, Holl JL, Lee TA, Grobman WA. "National trends and racial differences in late preterm induction.". American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. 2011;205(5):458.e1-7. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2011.06.018.
  • Schumock GT, Lee TA, Joo MJ, Valuck RJ, Stayner LT, Gibbons RD. "Association between leukotriene-modifying agents and suicide: what is the evidence?". Drug safety. 2011;34(7):533-44. doi:10.2165/11587260-000000000-00000.
  • Valenstein M, Kavanagh J, Lee TA, Reilly P, Dalack GW, Grabowski J, Smelson D, Ronis DL, Ganoczy D, Woltmann E, Metreger T, Wolschon P, Jensen A, Poddig B, Blow FC. "Using a pharmacy-based intervention to improve antipsychotic adherence among patients with serious mental illness.". Schizophrenia bulletin. 2011;37(4):727-36. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbp121.
  • Morden NE, Sullivan SD, Bartle B, Lee TA. "Skeletal health in men with chronic lung disease: rates of testing, treatment, and fractures.". Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA. 2011;22(6):1855-62. doi:10.1007/s00198-010-1423-y.
  • Scheetz MH, Bolon MK, Esterly JS, Reddy P, Postelnick M, Lee TA. "Life-years gained with meropenem over ciprofloxacin in penicillin-allergic patients with gram-negative bacilli sepsis: results of a probabilistic model.". Pharmacotherapy. 2011;31(5):469-79. doi:10.1592/phco.31.5.469.
  • Sohn MW, Budiman-Mak E, Lee TA, Oh E, Stuck RM. "Significant J-shaped association between body mass index (BMI) and diabetic foot ulcers.". Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews. 2011;27(4):402-9. doi:10.1002/dmrr.1193.
  • Murthy K, Grobman WA, Lee TA, Holl JL. "Trends in induction of labor at early-term gestation.". American journal of obstetrics and gynecology. 2011;204(5):435.e1-6. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2010.12.023.
  • Pickard AS, Yang Y, Lee TA. "Comparison of health-related quality of life measures in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". Health and quality of life outcomes. 2011;9:26. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-9-26.
  • Cooke CR, Joo MJ, Anderson SM, Lee TA, Udris EM, Johnson E, Au DH. "The validity of using ICD-9 codes and pharmacy records to identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". BMC health services research. 2011;11:37. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-37.
  • Schumock GT, Walton SM, Lee TA, Marx SE, Audhya P, Andress DL. "Comparative effectiveness of paricalcitol versus cinacalcet for secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients receiving hemodialysis.". Nephron. Clinical practice. 2011;117(2):c151-9. doi:10.1159/000319781.
  • Schumock GT, Gibbons RD, Lee TA, Joo MJ, Valuck RJ, Stayner LT. "Relationship between leukotriene-modifying agent prescriptions dispensed and rate of suicide deaths by county in the US.". Drug, healthcare and patient safety. 2011;3:47-52. doi:10.2147/DHPS.S23665.
  • Lee TA, Chang CL, Stephenson JJ, Sajjan SG, Maiese EM, Everett S, Allen-Ramey F. "Impact of asthma controller medications on medical and economic resource utilization in adult asthma patients.". Current medical research and opinion. 2010;26(12):2851-60. doi:10.1185/03007995.2010.531255.
  • Sohn MW, Budiman-Mak E, Stuck RM, Siddiqui F, Lee TA. "Diagnostic accuracy of existing methods for identifying diabetic foot ulcers from inpatient and outpatient datasets.". Journal of foot and ankle research. 2010;3:27. doi:10.1186/1757-1146-3-27.
  • Brennan NJ, Lee TA, Wilk AS, Lyttle CS, Weiss KB. "Defining an episode of care for colonoscopy: work of the High Value Health Care Project characterizing episodes and costs of care.". Gastrointestinal endoscopy clinics of North America. 2010;20(4):735-50. doi:10.1016/j.giec.2010.07.014.
  • Stein BD, Charbeneau JT, Lee TA, Schumock GT, Lindenauer PK, Bautista A, Lauderdale DS, Naureckas ET, Krishnan JA. "Hospitalizations for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: how you count matters.". COPD. 2010;7(3):164-71. doi:10.3109/15412555.2010.481696.
  • Hynes DM, Tarlov E, Durazo-Arvizu R, Perrin R, Zhang Q, Weichle T, Ferreira MR, Lee TA, Benson AB, Bhoopalam N, Bennett CL. "Surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy use among veterans with colon cancer: insights from a California study.". Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2010;28(15):2571-6. doi:10.1200/JCO.2009.23.5200.
  • Evans CT, Li K, Burns SP, Smith B, Lee TA, Weaver FM. "Antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infection and subsequent outpatient and hospital utilization in veterans with spinal cord injury and disorder.". PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation. 2010;2(2):101-9. doi:10.1016/j.pmrj.2009.11.002.
  • Joo MJ, Au DH, Fitzgibbon ML, Lee TA. "Inhaled corticosteroids and risk of pneumonia in newly diagnosed COPD.". Respiratory medicine. 2010;104(2):246-52. doi:10.1016/j.rmed.2009.10.002.
  • Ogale SS, Lee TA, Au DH, Boudreau DM, Sullivan SD. "Cardiovascular events associated with ipratropium bromide in COPD.". Chest. 2010;137(1):13-9. doi:10.1378/chest.08-2367.
  • Sohn MW, Stuck RM, Pinzur M, Lee TA, Budiman-Mak E. "Lower-extremity amputation risk after charcot arthropathy and diabetic foot ulcer.". Diabetes care. 2010;33(1):98-100. doi:10.2337/dc09-1497.
  • Wilke CT, Pickard AS, Walton SM, Moock J, Kohlmann T, Lee TA. "Statistical implications of utility weighted and equally weighted HRQL measures: an empirical study.". Health economics. 2010;19(1):101-10. doi:10.1002/hec.1467.
  • Braddy KK, Imam SN, Palla KR, Lee TA. "Vitamin d deficiency/insufficiency practice patterns in a veterans health administration long-term care population: a retrospective analysis.". Journal of the American Medical Directors Association. 2009;10(9):653-7. doi:10.1016/j.jamda.2009.08.010.
  • Nielsen R, Johannessen A, Benediktsdottir B, Gislason T, Buist AS, Gulsvik A, Sullivan SD, Lee TA. "Present and future costs of COPD in Iceland and Norway: results from the BOLD study.". The European respiratory journal. 2009;34(4):850-7. doi:10.1183/09031936.00166108.
  • Gibson TB, Lee TA, Vogeli CS, Hidalgo J, Carls GS, Sredl K, DesHarnais S, Marder WD, Weiss KB, Williams TV, Shields AE. "A four-system comparison of patients with chronic illness: the Military Health System, Veterans Health Administration, Medicaid, and commercial plans.". Military medicine. 2009;174(9):936-43.
  • Pickard AS, , Lin HW, Trask PC, Aaronson N, Lee TA, Cella D. "A patient-based utility measure of health for clinical trials of cancer therapy based on the European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire.". Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research. 2009;12(6):977-88. doi:10.1111/j.1524-4733.2009.00545.x.
  • Lee TA, Schumock GT, Bartle B, Pickard AS. "Mortality risk in patients receiving drug regimens with theophylline for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". Pharmacotherapy. 2009;29(9):1039-53. doi:10.1592/phco.29.9.1039.
  • Joo MJ, Au DH, Lee TA. "Use of spirometry in the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and efforts to improve quality of care.". Translational research : the journal of laboratory and clinical medicine. 2009;154(3):103-10. doi:10.1016/j.trsl.2009.06.003.
  • Lee TA, Wilke C, Joo M, Stroupe KT, Krishnan JA, Schumock GT, Pickard AS. "Outcomes associated with tiotropium use in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". Archives of internal medicine. 2009;169(15):1403-10. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2009.233.
  • Sohn MW, Lee TA, Stuck RM, Frykberg RG, Budiman-Mak E. "Mortality risk of Charcot arthropathy compared with that of diabetic foot ulcer and diabetes alone.". Diabetes care. 2009;32(5):816-21. doi:10.2337/dc08-1695.
  • Scheetz MH, Bolon MK, Postelnick M, Noskin GA, Lee TA. "Cost-effectiveness analysis of an antimicrobial stewardship team on bloodstream infections: a probabilistic analysis.". The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy. 2009;63(4):816-25. doi:10.1093/jac/dkp004.
  • Jung E, Pickard AS, Salmon JW, Bartle B, Lee TA. "Medication adherence and persistence in the last year of life in COPD patients.". Respiratory medicine. 2009;103(4):525-34. doi:10.1016/j.rmed.2008.11.004.
  • Murthy K, Grobman WA, Lee TA, Holl JL. "Obstetricians' rising liability insurance premiums and inductions at late preterm gestations.". Medical care. 2009;47(4):425-30. doi:10.1097/MLR.0b013e31818b080d.
  • Jordan N, Lee TA, Valenstein M, Pirraglia PA, Weiss KB. "Effect of depression care on outcomes in COPD patients with depression.". Chest. 2009;135(3):626-32. doi:10.1378/chest.08-0839.
  • Pickard AS, Jung E, Bartle B, Weiss KB, Lee TA. "Coded cause of death and timing of COPD diagnosis.". COPD. 2009;6(1):41-7. doi:10.1080/15412550802587935.
  • Joo MJ, Lee TA, Au DH, Fitzgibbon ML, Weiss KB. "Medication use patterns associated with spirometry in diagnosing COPD.". COPD. 2008;5(6):360-8. doi:10.1080/15412550802522346.
  • Stuck RM, Sohn MW, Budiman-Mak E, Lee TA, Weiss KB. "Charcot arthropathy risk elevation in the obese diabetic population.". The American journal of medicine. 2008;121(11):1008-14. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2008.06.038.
  • Lee TA, Pickard AS, Au DH, Bartle B, Weiss KB. "Risk for death associated with medications for recently diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". Annals of internal medicine. 2008;149(6):380-90.
  • Joo MJ, Lee TA, Bartle B, van de Graaff WB, Weiss KB. "Patterns of healthcare utilization by COPD severity: a pilot study.". Lung. 2008;186(5):307-12. doi:10.1007/s00408-008-9095-5.
  • Murthy K, Grobman WA, Lee TA, Holl JL. "Racial disparities in term induction of labor rates in Illinois.". Medical care. 2008;46(9):900-4. doi:10.1097/MLR.0b013e31817924f9.
  • Joo MJ, Lee TA, Weiss KB. "Geographic variation of spirometry use in newly diagnosed COPD.". Chest. 2008;134(1):38-45. doi:10.1378/chest.08-0013.
  • Khare RK, Courtney DM, Powell ES, Venkatesh AK, Lee TA. "Sixty-four-slice computed tomography of the coronary arteries: cost-effectiveness analysis of patients presenting to the emergency department with low-risk chest pain.". Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. 2008;15(7):623-32.
  • Pickard AS, Wilke C, Jung E, Patel S, Stavem K, Lee TA. "Use of a preference-based measure of health (EQ-5D) in COPD and asthma.". Respiratory medicine. 2008;102(4):519-36. doi:10.1016/j.rmed.2007.11.016.
  • Murthy K, Grobman WA, Lee TA, Holl JL. "Association between rising professional liability insurance premiums and primary cesarean delivery rates.". Obstetrics and gynecology. 2007;110(6):1264-9. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000287294.89148.23.
  • Lee TA, Shields AE, Vogeli C, Gibson TB, Woong-Sohn M, Marder WD, Blumenthal D, Weiss KB. "Mortality rate in veterans with multiple chronic conditions.". Journal of general internal medicine. 2007;22 Suppl 3:403-7. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0277-2.
  • Vogeli C, Shields AE, Lee TA, Gibson TB, Marder WD, Weiss KB, Blumenthal D. "Multiple chronic conditions: prevalence, health consequences, and implications for quality, care management, and costs.". Journal of general internal medicine. 2007;22 Suppl 3:391-5. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0322-1.
  • Stroupe KT, Smith BM, Lee TA, Tarlov E, Durazo-Arvizu R, Huo Z, Barnett T, Cao L, Burk M, Cunningham F, Hynes DM, Weiss KB. "Effect of increased copayments on pharmacy use in the Department of Veterans Affairs.". Medical care. 2007;45(11):1090-7. doi:10.1097/MLR.0b013e3180ca95be.
  • Joo MJ, Lee TA, Weiss KB. "Geographic variation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation rates.". Journal of general internal medicine. 2007;22(11):1560-5. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0354-6.
  • Jordan N, Lee TA, Valenstein M, Weiss KB. "Effect of care setting on evidence-based depression treatment for veterans with COPD and comorbid depression.". Journal of general internal medicine. 2007;22(10):1447-52. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0328-8.
  • Buist AS, McBurnie MA, Vollmer WM, Gillespie S, Burney P, Mannino DM, Menezes AM, Sullivan SD, Lee TA, Weiss KB, Jensen RL, Marks GB, Gulsvik A, Nizankowska-Mogilnicka E. "International variation in the prevalence of COPD (the BOLD Study): a population-based prevalence study.". Lancet. 2007;370(9589):741-50. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61377-4.
  • Wolozin B, Wang S, Li NC, Lee A, Lee TA, Kazis LE. "Simvastatin is associated with a reduced incidence of dementia and Parkinson's disease.". BMC medicine. 2007;5:20. doi:10.1186/1741-7015-5-20.
  • Lee TA, Pickard AS. "Meta-analysis of azelastine nasal spray for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.". Pharmacotherapy. 2007;27(6):852-9. doi:10.1592/phco.27.6.852.
  • Woltmann EM, Valenstein M, Welsh DE, Lee TA, Wolschon PA, Grabowski J, Reilly PA. "Using pharmacy data on partial adherence to inform clinical care of patients with serious mental illness.". Psychiatric services (Washington, D.C.). 2007;58(6):864-7. doi:10.1176/
  • Lee TA, Pickard AS, Bartle B, Weiss KB. "Osteoarthritis: a comorbid marker for longer life?". Annals of epidemiology. 2007;17(5):380-4. doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2007.01.033.
  • Lee TA, Fuhlbrigge AL, Sullivan SD, Finkelstein JA, Inui TS, Lozano P, Weiss KB. "Agreement between caregiver reported healthcare utilization and administrative data for children with asthma.". The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma. 2007;44(3):189-94. doi:10.1080/02770900701209723.
  • Lee TA, Bartle B, Weiss KB. "Impact of NSAIDS on mortality and the effect of preexisting coronary artery disease in US veterans.". The American journal of medicine. 2007;120(1):98.e9-16. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2006.03.003.
  • Lee TA, Weaver FM, Weiss KB. "Impact of pneumococcal vaccination on pneumonia rates in patients with COPD and asthma.". Journal of general internal medicine. 2007;22(1):62-7. doi:10.1007/s11606-007-0118-3.
  • Valenstein M, Ganoczy D, McCarthy JF, Myra Kim H, Lee TA, Blow FC. "Antipsychotic adherence over time among patients receiving treatment for schizophrenia: a retrospective review.". The Journal of clinical psychiatry. 2006;67(10):1542-50.
  • Rutten-van Mölken M, Lee TA. "Economic modeling in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society. 2006;3(7):630-4. doi:10.1513/pats.200603-095SS.
  • Lee TA, Bartle B, Weiss KB. "Spirometry use in clinical practice following diagnosis of COPD.". Chest. 2006;129(6):1509-15. doi:10.1378/chest.129.6.1509.
  • Chapman KR, Mannino DM, Soriano JB, Vermeire PA, Buist AS, Thun MJ, Connell C, Jemal A, Lee TA, Miravitlles M, Aldington S, Beasley R. "Epidemiology and costs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". The European respiratory journal. 2006;27(1):188-207. doi:10.1183/09031936.06.00024505.
  • Sabater JR, Lee TA, Abraham WM. "Comparative effects of salmeterol, albuterol, and ipratropium on normal and impaired mucociliary function in sheep.". Chest. 2005;128(5):3743-9. doi:10.1378/chest.128.5.3743.
  • Lee TA, Wolozin B, Weiss KB, Bednar MM. "Assessment of the emergence of Alzheimer's disease following coronary artery bypass graft surgery or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.". Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. 2005;7(4):319-24.
  • Buist AS, Vollmer WM, Sullivan SD, Weiss KB, Lee TA, Menezes AM, Crapo RO, Jensen RL, Burney PG. "The Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease Initiative (BOLD): rationale and design.". COPD. 2005;2(2):277-83.
  • Sullivan SD, Lee TA, Blough DK, Finkelstein JA, Lozano P, Inui TS, Fuhlbrigge AL, Carey VJ, Wagner E, Weiss KB. "A multisite randomized trial of the effects of physician education and organizational change in chronic asthma care: cost-effectiveness analysis of the Pediatric Asthma Care Patient Outcomes Research Team II (PAC-PORT II).". Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine. 2005;159(5):428-34. doi:10.1001/archpedi.159.5.428.
  • Pickard AS, Wang Z, Walton SM, Lee TA. "Are decisions using cost-utility analyses robust to choice of SF-36/SF-12 preference-based algorithm?". Health and quality of life outcomes. 2005;3:11. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-3-11.
  • Chiou CF, Weaver MR, Bell MA, Lee TA, Krieger JW. "Development of the multi-attribute Pediatric Asthma Health Outcome Measure (PAHOM).". International journal for quality in health care : journal of the International Society for Quality in Health Care / ISQua. 2005;17(1):23-30. doi:10.1093/intqhc/mzh086.
  • Cannon JP, Lee TA, Bolanos JT, Danziger LH. "Pathogenic relevance of Lactobacillus: a retrospective review of over 200 cases.". European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases : official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology. 2005;24(1):31-40. doi:10.1007/s10096-004-1253-y.
  • Lee TA, Hacek DM, Stroupe KT, Collins SM, Peterson LR. "Three surveillance strategies for vancomycin-resistant enterococci in hospitalized patients: detection of colonization efficiency and a cost-effectiveness model.". Infection control and hospital epidemiology. 2005;26(1):39-46. doi:10.1086/502485.
  • Lee TA, Veenstra DL, Iloeje UH, Sullivan SD. "Cost of chronic hepatitis B infection in the United States.". Journal of clinical gastroenterology. 2004;38(10 Suppl 3):S144-7.
  • Marceille JR, Goins JA, Soni R, Biery JC, Lee TA. "Chronic heart failure-related interventions after starting rosiglitazone in patients receiving insulin.". Pharmacotherapy. 2004;24(10):1317-22.
  • Lee TA, Weiss KB. "Fracture risk associated with inhaled corticosteroid use in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 2004;169(7):855-9. doi:10.1164/rccm.200307-926OC.
  • Lee TA, Divers CH, Leibman CW. "Evaluating the efficiency of treatment in the allergic rhinitis market.". Journal of managed care pharmacy : JMCP. 2004;10(1 Suppl):S3-8.
  • Reed SD, Lee TA, McCrory DC. "The economic burden of allergic rhinitis: a critical evaluation of the literature.". PharmacoEconomics. 2004;22(6):345-61.
  • Lee TA, Hollingworth W, Sullivan SD. "Comparison of directly elicited preferences to preferences derived from the SF-36 in adults with asthma.". Medical decision making : an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making. 2003;23(4):323-34.
  • Lee TA, Weiss KB. "Preference assessment in patients with asthma.". Expert review of pharmacoeconomics & outcomes research. 2002;2(6):607-18. doi:10.1586/14737167.2.6.607.
  • Lee TA, Weiss KB. "An update on the health economics of asthma and allergy.". Current opinion in allergy and clinical immunology. 2002;2(3):195-200.
  • Hazlet TK, Lee TA, Hansten PD, Horn JR. "Performance of community pharmacy drug interaction software.". Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington,D.C. : 1996). 2001;41(2):200-4.
  • Lee TA, Sullivan SD, Veenstra DL, Ramsey SD, Steger PJ, Malinverni R, Pleil AM, Williamson T. "Economic evaluation of systemic treatments for cytomegalovirus retinitis in patients with AIDS.". PharmacoEconomics. 2001;19(5 Pt 2):535-50.
  • Sullivan SD, Ramsey SD, Lee TA. "The economic burden of COPD.". Chest. 2000;117(2 Suppl):5S-9S.
  • Lee TA, Larson LN. "Evaluating the use and quality of pharmacy drive-up services.". Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington,D.C. : 1996). 1999;39(3):338-45.

Conference Proceeding

  • Calip GS, Lee WJ, Lee TA, Schumock GT, Chiu BC ed. "Risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Following Treatment of Inflammatory Conditions with Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Inhibitors" . Blood. December-3-2015.
  • Calip GS, Lee WJ, Lee TA, Schumock GT, Chiu BC ed. "Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Inhibitor Medications for Inflammatory Conditions and Incidence of Multiple Myeloma" . Blood. December-3-2015.


  • Sohn MW, Oh EH, Budiman-Mak E, Lee TA, Stone NJ, Pearce WB. (2014). "Reply: To PMID 23932803.". Journal of vascular surgery. Vol. 59. Issue 3. Page(s) 876.
  • Bednar MM, Lee TA, Wolozin B, Weiss KB. (2006). "Coronary artery bypass grafting is not a risk factor for dementia or Alzheimer disease.". Neurology. Vol. 66. Issue 11. Page(s) 1785; author reply 1785.
  • Lee TA, Weiss KB, Sullivan SD. (2004). "Cost-effectiveness of inhaled corticosteroids in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.". The American journal of medicine. Vol. 117. Issue 8. Page(s) 618; author reply 618-9.

Review Todd A. Lee’s online CV